Summary on the articles: Gagne R., Briggs L., Wager W. Principles of Instructional Design 4th Edition: Chapter 10: The Events of Instruction. pp. 185 – 205.
Purpose (Why?): The purpose of this chapter is to outline and explain Gagne’s 9 Events of Instruction.
Central Message (What?): Instruction and learning work hand in hand. Specifically, according to Gagne, instruction is supposed to “provide support to the process of learning.” I have tried to capture the essence of these events in the following table:
|Gagne’s 9 Events||Definition||Example: Recognize an equilateral triangle|
|Gain attention||Call the learners attention to what they are about to learn. This can be done through stories, using words like, “listen, watch, and look,” etc.||Show variety of computer generated triangles|
|Inform learners of objectives||Tell the learners what they are going to learn||Pose question: “What is an equilateral triangle?”|
|Stimulate recall of prior learning||Review anything pertinent to what the student is about to learn||Review definitions of triangles|
|Present the content||Tell them what you were going to tell them||Give definition of equilateral triangle|
|Provide “learning guidance”||Help the student understand what you’ve just taught them using examples, clarifying, allowing questions, etc.||Show example of how to create equilateral|
|Elicit performance (practice)||Allow students time to practice what you’ve just taught them – give them experience||Ask students to create 5 different examples|
|Provide feedback||This is perhaps the most critical piece in learning – give direction on correct and incorrect responses||Check all examples as correct/incorrect|
|Assess performance||Present a new set of concepts and instances and ask the learners to apply what they’ve learned||Provide scores and remediation|
|Enhance retention and transfer to the job||Take the learning to a deeper level, provide more instances in various formats to show diversity. Also have them come up with 3-5 examples on their own to show they have mastered the material.||Show pictures of objects and ask students to identify|
Things to Think About:
- Gagne’s nine events are great and insightful, but is there an easier way? Is there a better way?
- What is the role of the Holy Ghost in learning? Retention? Design? Where would this “event” fall in Gagne’s 9 events?